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Kinetics of two complementary hydrogen sink reactions in a defined 3-chlorobenzoate degrading methanogenic co-culture

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Jan Dolfing

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Abstract

The interrelationships between an obligate hydrogen-producing and two different hydrogen-scavenging populations grown as syntrophic members of a 3-chlorobenzoate degrading methanogenic consortium were studied. The hydrogen producer was a benzoate degrader (strain BZ-2), and the hydrogen consumers were a 3-chlorobenzoate dechlorinating bacterium (Desulfomonile tiedjei) and a hydrogenotrophic methanogen (Methanospirillum strain PM-1). When a mixture of 3-chlorobenzoate plus benzoate was added to this consortium, the rate of benzoate degradation was 50% higher, at slightly lower H-2 concentrations, than when benzoate alone was added. The enhanced benzoate degradation rate was apparently triggered by the lower H-2 concentration, as the rate of benzoate degradation was shown to be a function of the H-2 concentration. By offering a hydrogen sink, in addition to methanogenesis, the dechlorinating hydrogen-scavenging population stimulated the rate of benzoate degradation. The lowering of the H-2 concentration was very small, which was in agreement with the observation that the rate of methanogenesis was hardly affected by this lower hydrogen concentration. Thus there was no significant competition for H-2 between the two hydrogen-scavenging populations in the consortium, as they practically complemented each other's hydrogen-scavenging potential at in situ hydrogen concentrations during the degradation of 3-chlorobenzoate. The H-2 concentrations at which hydrogen driven methanogenesis by Methanospirillum occurred in the consortium were well below the threshold concentration extrapolated for this methanogen after growth at high H-2 concentrations.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Dolfing J, Tiedje JM

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Year: 1991

Volume: 86

Issue: 1

Pages: 25-32

Print publication date: 01/09/1991

ISSN (print): 0168-6496

ISSN (electronic): 1574-6941

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

Notes: Times Cited: 10 Cited Reference Count: 18 English Article FEMS MICROBIOL ECOL GG567


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