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Low inhibitory effect of ammonia on the nitrogen-fixing activity of a sludge enriched with nitrogen-fixing bacteria

Lookup NU author(s): Carolina Ospina Betancourth, Dr Kishor Acharya, Professor Thomas Curtis

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Abstract

© 2021 Elsevier Ltd. In principle, high carbon to nitrogen wastes can be used to produce nitrogen-fixing bacteria and thus create a potential biofertiliser. In practice biological nitrogen fixation can be inhibited by the presence of ammonia. We wish to know what concentrations of ammonia are inhibitory. We therefore “challenged” sludge from reactors fed with high carbon to nitrogen wastewater with different ammonia concentrations and measured the effect on nitrogen fixation rates. The sludge was resistant to inhibition by ammonia with a half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 70.2 mg of NH4+ L−1. Moreover, the presence of modest amounts of ammonium in the reactors did not affect the capacity of the biomass to reduce the organic matter contained in the wastewater. We conclude that high carbon to nitrogen wastes can be used to generate a potential fertiliser that could work in the presence of high levels of ammonia contamination.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Ospina-Betancourth C, Acharya K, Sanabria J, Curtis TP

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Bioresource Technology Reports

Year: 2021

Volume: 14

Print publication date: 01/06/2021

Online publication date: 25/02/2021

Acceptance date: 05/02/2021

ISSN (electronic): 2589-014X

Publisher: Elsevier Ltd

URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biteb.2021.100655

DOI: 10.1016/j.biteb.2021.100655


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