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Resistance to green leafhopper (Nephotettix virescens) and brown planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens) in transgenic rice expressing snowdrop lectin (Galanthus nivalis agglutinin; GNA)

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Angharad MR Gatehouse

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Abstract

Transgenic rice plants expressing snowdrop lectin (Galanthus nivalis agglutinin; GNA) were screened for resistance to green leafhopper (Nephotettix virescens; GLH), a major homopteran pest of rice. Survival was reduced by 29% and 53% (P<0.05) respectively, on plants where GNA expression was tissue-specific (phloem and epidermal layer) or constitutive. Similar levels of resistance in GNA-expressing transgenic rice were previously reported for rice brown planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens; BPH). GNA binding to glycoproteins in gut tissues showed that BPH contained more "receptors" than GLH, and that the binding affinity was stronger, particularly in the midgut. Subsequent toxicity of GNA is thus unlikely to be directly related to the amount of lectin bound. GNA was not detected in the honeydew of either insect species when they were fed on GNA-expressing plants, in contrast to results from artificial diet studies. This result suggests that GNA is not being delivered to the insect efficiently. When offered a free choice vs control plants, BPH nymphs tended to avoid plants expressing GNA; avoidance was less pronounced and took longer to develop on plants where GNA expression was tissue-specific, In contrast to BPH, GLH nymphs were attracted to plants expressing GNA, whether constitutively or in a tissue-specific manner. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Gatehouse AMR; Foissac X; Loc NT; Christou P; Gatehouse JA

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Insect Physiology

Year: 2000

Volume: 46

Issue: 4

Pages: 573-583

ISSN (print): 0022-1910

ISSN (electronic): 1879-1611

Publisher: Pergamon

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-1910(99)00143-2

DOI: 10.1016/S0022-1910(99)00143-2


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