Lookup NU author(s): Dr Elaine Mutch,
Professor Ann Daly,
Professor Faith Williams
Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.
PON1 is an esterase which is synthesised in the liver and secreted into the blood serum. It hydrolyses the active metabolites (oxons) of organophosphate pesticides (OPs) such as parathion, chlorpyrifos and diazinon. Human PON1 has a polymorphism in the coding region (Q192R) which results in two isoforms, Q (Glu) and R (Arg), which differ in their hydrolytic activity towards OP oxons. This study aimed i) to define the rates of paraoxon, chlorpyrifos-oxon and diazoxon hydrolysis by a panel of human liver microsomes (n=27 or n=19, diazoxon hydrolysis) ii) to determine the relationship between hydrolysis of the oxons and PON1192 genotype. Genomic DNA was extracted from the livers using phenol/chloroform and single strand conformational polymorphism (SSCP) analysis of the PCR product was used to separate the three genotypes. As with serum, individuals with the RR genotype preferentially hydrolysed paraoxon in liver, while chlorpyrifos-oxon and diazoxon were hydrolysed within the three genotypes at similar rates. This study showed wide rates of hydrolysis of the three oxons between individuals with the same PON1192 genotype, indicating that functional activity may be of more importance than genotype alone. Following an occupational dermal exposure to the parent OP, the OP would be activated by the P450s during first-pass metabolism in the liver. The small amount of oxon formed would be rapidly hydrolysed by hepatic PON1 (and other esterases) and therefore the individual’s functional expression of PON1 and P450 may be a more relevant determinant of susceptibility to OP toxicity than PON1 genotype alone. Table 1 Oxon hydrolysis by human liver microsomes expressed as nmol/min/mg protein. PON1 Q192R Genotype Paraoxon (1mM) hydrolysis Chlorpyrifos-oxon (500µM) hydrolysis Diazoxon (500µM) hydrolysis All 0.170-9.60 (1.43) 17.9-288.1 (95.9) 42.7-243.6 (76.1) QQ 0.173-4.42 (1.04) 17.9-240.1 (95.9) 42.7-176.1 (88.2) QR 0.680-9.60 (1.20) 34.4-288.1 (44.4) 47.4-185.6 (114.3) RR 2.53-5.96 (3.82) 39.0-221.7 (134.8) 49.5-243.6 (58.1)
Author(s): Mutch E, Daly AK, Williams FM
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Drug Metabolism and Disposition
ISSN (print): 0090-9556
ISSN (electronic): 1521-009X
Publisher: American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Notes: Part of this research was given as invited oral presentations at both international PON1 conferences; in Ann Arbor, USA (2004)and Debrecen, Hungary (2006).
Altmetrics provided by Altmetric