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The prevalence of stroke and associated disability

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Richard Thomson, Ruth Wood, Professor Helen Rodgers, Emeritus Professor Oliver James

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Abstract

Background. There are limited data available on the prevalence of stroke in the United Kingdom. Such data are important for the assessment of the health needs of the population. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of stroke and the prevalence of associated dependence in a district of northern England. Methods. This was a two-stage point prevalence study. A valid screening questionnaire was used to identify stroke survivors from an age- and sex-stratified sample of the population aged 45 years and over in a family health services authority district. This was followed by assessment of stroke patients with scales of disability and handicap. Results. The overall prevalence of stroke was found to be 17.5/1000 (95 per cent confidence interval (CI) 17.0, 18.0). The prevalence of stroke-associated dependence was 11.7/1000 (95 per cent CI 11.3, 12.1). Self-reported comorbidity was most commonly due to circulatory and musculoskeletal disorders. Conclusions. The prevalence of stroke in this district is considerably higher than current guidelines and previous results suggest. Nevertheless, the result from this study combined with that from a previous study in another district in the United Kingdom should allow those interested in epidemiologically based health needs assessment to make reasonable estimates of the burden of stroke in their area.


Publication metadata

Author(s): O'Mahony PG, Thomson RG, Dobson R, Rodgers H, James OFW

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Public Health Medicine

Year: 1999

Volume: 21

Issue: 2

Pages: 166-171

Print publication date: 01/06/1999

ISSN (print): 0957-4832

ISSN (electronic): 1741-3850

Publisher: Oxford University Press

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/21.2.166

DOI: 10.1093/pubmed/21.2.166

PubMed id: 10432245


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