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α-Galactosidase A from Pseudomonas fluorescens subsp. cellulosa: Cloning, high level expression and its role in galactomannan hydrolysis

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Alison Park, Emeritus Professor Harry Gilbert

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Abstract

A library of Pseudomonas fluorescens subsp. cellulosa genomic DNA, constructed in λ ZAPII, was screened for α-D-galactosidase activity. The DNA inserts from six galactosidase-positive clones were rescued into plasmids. Restriction digestion and Southern analysis revealed that each of the plasmids contained a common DNA sequence. The sequence of the Pseudomonas DNA in one of the plasmids revealed a single open reading frame (aga27A) of 1215 bp encoding a protein of M(r) 45 900, designated α-galactosidase 27A (Aga27A). Aga27A exhibited extensive sequence identity with α-galactosidases in glycoside hydrolase 27, and appeared to be a single domain protein. The recombinant α-galactosidase was expressed at high levels in Escherichia coli and the biophysical properties and substrate specificity of the enzyme were evaluated. The data showed that Aga27A was a mesophilic neutral acting non-specific α-galactosidase. Both P. fluorescens subsp. cellulosa mannanase A (ManA) and Aga27A hydrolyse the polymeric substrate, carob galactomannan. Sequential hydrolysis with AgaA followed by ManA, or ManA followed by AgaA enhanced product release. The positive effects of sequential hydrolysis are discussed. (C) 2000 Federation of European Microbiological Societies.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Halstead JR, Fransen MP, Eberhart RY, Park AJ, Gilbert HJ, Hazlewood GP

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: FEMS Microbiology Letters

Year: 2000

Volume: 192

Issue: 2

Pages: 197-203

ISSN (print): 0378-1097

ISSN (electronic): 1574-6968

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1097(00)00432-8

DOI: 10.1016/S0378-1097(00)00432-8

PubMed id: 11064195


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