Lookup NU author(s): Simon Andrews,
Professor Jeremy Lakey,
Professor Harry Gilbert
Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.
The Pseudomonas family 10 xylanase, Xyl10A, hydrolyzes β1,4-linked xylans but exhibits very low activity against aryl-β-cellobiosides. The family 10 enzyme, Cex, from Cellulomonas fimi, hydrolyzes aryl-β-cellobiosides more efficiently than does Xyl10A, and the movements of two residues in the -1 and -2 subsites are implicated in this relaxed substrate specificity (Notenboom, V., Birsan, C., Warren, R. A. J., Withers, S. G., and Rose, D. R. (1998) Biochemistry 37, 4751-4758). The three-dimensional structure of Xyl10A suggests that Tyr-87 reduces the affinity of the enzyme for glucose-derived substrates by steric hindrance with the C6-OH in the -2 subsite of the enzyme. Furthermore, Leu-314 impedes the movement of Trp-313 that is necessary to accommodate glucose-derived substrates in the -1 subsite. We have evaluated the catalytic activities of the mutants Y87A, Y87F, L314A, L314A/Y87F, and W313A of Xyl10A. Mutations to Tyr-87 increased and decreased the catalytic efficiency against 4-nitrophenyl-β-cellobioside and 4-nitrophenyl-β-xylobioside, respectively. The L314A mutation caused a 200-fold decrease in 4-nitrophenyl-β-xylobioside activity but did not significantly reduce 4-nitrophenyl-β-cellobioside hydrolysis. The mutation L314A/Y87A gave a 6500-fold improvement in the hydrolysis of glucose-derived substrates compared with xylose-derived equivalents. These data show that substantial improvements in the ability of Xyl10A to accommodate the C6-OH of glucose-derived substrates are achieved when steric hindrance is removed.
Author(s): Andrews SR; Lakey JH; Gilbert HJ; Charnock SJ; Davies GJ; Claeyssens M; Nerinckx W; Underwood M; Sinnott ML; Warren RAJ
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Journal of Biological Chemistry
ISSN (print): 0021-9258
ISSN (electronic): 1083-351X
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
PubMed id: 10767281
Altmetrics provided by Altmetric