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Ascorbate in the leaf apoplast is a factor mediating ozone resistance in Plantago major

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Thomas Lyons, Dr John Ollerenshaw, Professor Jerry Barnes

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Abstract

The role of ascorbate in mediating ozone resistance was examined in Plantago major L. Seedlings of eleven populations which exhibited differential resistance to ozone were fumigated in controlled environment chambers with charcoal/Purafil(R)-filtered air (CFA) or CFA plus 15 nmol · mol-1 ozone overnight rising to a maximum between 12:00-16:00 hours of 75 nmol · mol-1 for 14 d. Measurements of ascorbate content were made on apoplastic and symplastic extracts. Populations differed in their constitutive level of ascorbate in youngest fully expanded leaves, and regression analysis revealed a significant correlation between ascorbate content in ozone-treated leaves and the ozone resistance of the populations. The relationship was stronger using apoplastic ascorbate levels than with corresponding symplastic measurements. The ascorbate content of the youngest fully expanded leaf of an ozone sensitive population was increased by foliar application of ascorbate. No significant difference in stomatal conductance was found between control and ascorbate-treated plants. Following spraying, plants were fumigated with 400 nmol · mol-1 ozone for 7 h. In control plants, ozone exposure resulted in extensive visible leaf damage (20-70% at the end of the fumigation period) and decreased rates of CO2 assimilation (-57%). However, ascorbate treatment prevented the appearance of visible injury, and ameliorated the decline in photosynthesis induced by ozone (-26%). Modelled data estimating the extent of protection afforded by apoplastic ascorbate against ozone supported the experimental observations. The results suggested that although apoplastic ascorbate plays an important role, other factors must also contribute to the mediation of ozone resistance in P. major. (C) 2000 Editions scientifiques et medicales Elsevier SAS.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Barnes JD; Lyons T; Ollerenshaw JH; Zheng Y

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry

Year: 2000

Volume: 38

Issue: 5

Pages: 403-411

Print publication date: 01/05/2000

ISSN (print): 0981-9428

ISSN (electronic): 1873-2690

Publisher: Elsevier

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0981-9428(00)00755-5

DOI: 10.1016/S0981-9428(00)00755-5


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