Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

Secretory autoantibodies in primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC)

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Jeremy Palmer, Professor John Kirby, Professor Steve Yeaman, Professor Margaret Bassendine, Professor David Jones

Downloads

Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.


Abstract

It is unclear how breakdown in immune tolerance to the ubiquitous self-antigen pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC), seen in the autoimmune liver disease PBC, gives rise to tissue damage with such a limited distribution (restricted to the liver and salivary and lachrymal glands). One property shared by these tissues is the ability to export secretory IgA by the process of transcytosis. The aim of this study was to address whether active transcytosis of anti-PDC IgA occurs across epithelial surfaces in PBC, a finding that might implicate mucosal specific immune mechanisms in the pathogenesis of this disease. Parotid saliva was collected from PBC patients (n = 44), normal controls (n = 28) and PBC patients post-liver transplantation (n = 11). IgA and secretory component-positive antibodies specific for human PDC were quantified by ELISA and immunoblotting. PBC patients (but not control subjects) had anti-PDC IgA in their saliva. The strong correlation seen between titres detected using anti-IgA and antisecretory component antibodies suggests that this is predominantly secretory IgA reaching the saliva by the active process of epithelial transcytosis. Titres of anti-PDC IgA remain high in PBC patients saliva post-liver transplant. Findings from studies of IgA in viral infection models raise the possibility that anti-PDC IgA could, whilst undergoing transcytosis, bind to newly translated PDC components in the cytoplasm of the epithelial cells transporting them out of the cell and inducing metabolic damage. This model would, if correct, help to explain the mechanism and tropism of tissue damage in PBC and the aberrant pattern of expression of PDC on the apical surface of biliary and salivary epithelial cells reported in this disease.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Palmer JM, Doshi M, Kirby JA, Yeaman SJ, Bassendine MF, Jones DEJ

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Clinical and Experimental Immunology

Year: 2000

Volume: 122

Issue: 3

Pages: 423-428

ISSN (print): 0009-9104

ISSN (electronic): 1365-2249

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2249.2000.01403.x

DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2249.2000.01403.x

PubMed id: 11122250


Altmetrics

Altmetrics provided by Altmetric


Actions

Find at Newcastle University icon    Link to this publication


Share