Lookup NU author(s): Professor John Sayer,
Dr Gavin Stewart,
Dr Stefan Boese,
Dr Michael Gray,
Professor Simon Pearce,
Professor Tim Goodship,
Professor Nicholas Simmons
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1. We have tested the hypothesis that the voltage-dependent Cl- channel, ClC-5 functions as a plasma membrane Cl- conductance in renal inner medullary collecting duct cells. 2. Full-length mouse kidney ClC-5 (mClC-5) was cloned and transiently expressed in CHO-K1 cells. Fast whole-cell patch-clamp recordings confirmed that mClC-5 expression produces a voltage-dependent, strongly outwardly rectifying Cl- conductance that was unaffected by external DIDS. 3. Slow whole-cell recordings, using nystatin-perforated patches from transfected CHO-K1 cells, also produced voltage-dependent Cl- currents consistent with ClC-5 expression. However, under this recording configuration an endogenous DIDS-sensitive Ca2+-activated Cl- conductance was also evident, which appeared to be activated by green fluorescent protein (GFP) transfection. 4. A mClC-5-GFP fusion protein was transiently expressed in CHO-K1 cells; confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) showed localization at the plasma membrane, consistent with patch-clamp experiments. 5. Endogenous expression of mClC-5 was demonstrated in mouse renal collecting duct cells (mIMCD-3) by RT-PCR and by immunocytochemistry. 6. Using slow whole-cell current recordings, mIMCD-3 cells displayed three biophysically distinct Cl-selective currents, which were all inhibited by DIDS. However, no cells exhibited whole-cell currents that had mClC-5 characteristics. 7. Transient transfection of mIMCD-3 cells with antisense mClC-5 had no effect on the endogenous Cl- conductances. Transient transfection with sense mClC-5 failed to induce the Cl- conductance seen in CHO-K1 cells but stimulated levels of the endogenous Ca2+-activated Cl- conductance 24 h post-transfection. 8. Confocal laser scanning microscopy of mIMCD-3 cells transfected with mClC-5-GFP showed that the protein was absent from the plasma membrane and was instead localized to acidic endosomal compartments. 9. These data discount a major role for ClC-5 as a plasma membrane Cl- conductance in mIMCD-3 cells but suggest a role in endosomal function.
Author(s): Sayer JA; Stewart GS; Gray MA; Goodship THJ; Pearce SHS; Boese SH; Simmons NL
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Journal of Physiology
ISSN (print): 0022-3751
ISSN (electronic): 1469-7793
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
PubMed id: 11691871
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