Lookup NU author(s): Dr Jennifer Court,
Dr Carmen Martin-Ruiz,
Dr Margaret Piggott,
Dr Michael Griffiths,
Emeritus Professor Elaine Perry
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Loss of cortical nicotinic acetylcholine receptors with high affinity for agonists (20-50%) in patients with Alzheimer's disease is a common finding. Recent immunochemical analyses indicate that this deficit is predominantly associated with the loss of α4 subunits (30-50%), although modest reductions of α3 may occur in some individuals (25-29%). No reduction of β2 subunit protein expression or levels of α3 and α4 messenger RNA has been reported. Decline in cortical [125I]α-bungarotoxin binding and α7 protein expression does not appear to be as extensive or widespread as the loss of α4 (0-40%), with no reduction in messenger RNA expression. In the thalamus, there was a trend for reduced [3H]nicotine binding in the majority of nuclei (0-20%) in Alzheimer's disease; however, there was a significant decline in [125I]α-bungarotoxin binding in the reticular nucleus. In the striatum [3H]nicotine binding was reduced in Alzheimer's disease, and although neuroleptic medication accentuated this change, it occurred in those free of neuroleptics. Changes in nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in Alzheimer's disease are distinct from those in normal aging and are likely to contribute to clinical features and possibly neuropathology. © 2001 Society of Biological Psychiatry.
Author(s): Piggott M; Perry E; Court J; Martin-Ruiz C; Griffiths M; Spurden D
Publication type: Review
Publication status: Published
Journal: Biological Psychiatry
ISSN (print): 0006-3223
ISSN (electronic): 1873-2402
PubMed id: 11230868