Lookup NU author(s): Professor David Thwaites,
Professor Nicholas Simmons
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Loop-diuretic-sensitive 86Rb+(K+) transmembrane fluxes were determined in cells of a mouse inner medullary collecting duct cell line (mIMCD-K2). The furosemide-sensitive (0.1 mM) influx was a substantial fraction of the total influx (0.39±0.04 or 0.42±0.03, n=5 in the presence or absence of ouabain, respectively). Furosemide also reduced 86Rb+(K+) efflux by a similar fraction (0.46). RT-PCR analysis revealed expression of mRNA for the Na+-K+-2Cl- cortransporter-1 (NKCC1), but not NKCC2. Loop-diuretic-sensitive 86Rb+(K+) influx was confined to the basolateral membrane, confirming its localisation there. The physiological properties of NKCC1 expressed in mIMCD-K2 cells, including the dependence upon medium Na+, K+ and Cl- and the relative sensitivity to loop diuretics as assessed by the concentration required for half-maximal inhibition (IC50) (bumetanide 3.3±1.4×10-7 M>piretanide 2.5±0.15×10-6 M>furosemide 2.3±1.2×10-5 M) were typical for NKCC1. Possible functions of NKCC1 were tested; furosemide did not inhibit the majority of forskolin-stimulated secretory short-circuit current (ISC) (83.5±5.3% of the maintained response at 5 min). Secondly, total 86Rb+(K+) influx was stimulated markedly when external osmolarity was increased to 600 mosmol/l by mannitol due to an increase via NKCC1 from 55±11 to 191±2 nmol/106 cells per 15 min, (both n=4, P<0.01). In contrast, 10-5 M forskolin did not stimulate total 86Rb+(K+) influx. Finally, the ability of both K+ and NH4+ to compete for ouabain-insensitive 86Rb+(K+) influx via NKCC1 was confirmed with similar concentrations for half-maximal influx reduction (K0.5). Apical exposure to NH4+ elicited rapid cytosolic alkalinisation in 2′,7′-bis(carboxyethyl)-5(6)-carboxyfluorescein (BCECF)-loaded epithelial layers, consistent with selective permeability of the apical membrane to NH3. Conversely, NH4+ (5 mM) at the basal cell surface resulted in progressive acidification, the initial rate being reduced by 43% by furosemide. We conclude that NKCC1 participates in selective uptake of NH4+ at the basal surface, and that IMCD may function in direct NH4+ deposition to urine.
Author(s): Glanville M, Kingscote S, Thwaites DT, Simmons NL
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Pfluegers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
ISSN (print): 0031-6768
ISSN (electronic): 1432-2013
PubMed id: 11692276
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