Lookup NU author(s): Dr Sue Vernon
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Objective. To ascertain why children and parents frequently describe problems with school toilets. Setting. Two contrasting cities in Northern England (Newcastle upon Tyne 394 pupils) and Southern Sweden (Goteborg/MöIndal 157 pupils) Methods. Self-administered questionnaires were given to children aged 9-11 years in England and Sweden. Researchers administered questionnaires to Head teachers and recorded their observations of facilities according to predetermined basic standards. Results. Children from both countries said they found school toilets unpleasant, dirty, smelly, and frightening and that bullying occurred there. Many children avoided using the school toilets (62% of boys and 35% of girls (in the UK site) and 28% boys and girls in Swedish site avoided using the school toilets to defaecate). Results were similar in both centres. Conclusion. European standards are needed for school toilets in order to prevent children developing problems such as constipation, urinary tract infections and incontinence.
Author(s): Vernon S, Lundblad B, Hellstrom AL
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Child: Care, Health and Development
Print publication date: 01/01/2003
ISSN (print): 0305-1862
ISSN (electronic): 1365-2214
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
PubMed id: 12534566
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