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Why do mammalian mitochondria possess a mismatch repair activity?

Lookup NU author(s): Penelope Mason, Professor Robert Lightowlers

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Abstract

All nucleated mammalian cells contain mitochondrial DNA, a small (approximately 15-17 kb) circular genome found in the matrix. This molecule is present in multiple copies, with numbers routinely exceeding 1000 per cell. Many pathogenic mutations of this genome have been reported, with the vast majority being highly recessive. A mismatch repair activity has been recently described in mitochondria that shows no strand bias for correcting point mutations. What could be the physiological function of such an activity? Mammalian mtDNA is remarkable in being a patchwork of many short repeat sequences. With reference to several recent publications, we hypothesise that the function of this activity is to preserve the mitochondrial genome by repairing short loop out sequences that would otherwise be lost as mitochondrial DNA polymerase gamma replicates the mitochondrial genome. © 2003 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Mason PA, Lightowlers RN

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: FEBS Letters

Year: 2003

Volume: 554

Issue: 1-2

Pages: 6-9

ISSN (print): 0014-5793

ISSN (electronic): 1873-3468

Publisher: Elsevier

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0014-5793(03)01169-4

DOI: 10.1016/S0014-5793(03)01169-4

PubMed id: 14596905


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