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Low Prevalence of the N363S Polymorphism of the Glucocorticoid Receptor in South Asians Living in the United Kingdom

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Akheel Syed, Professor Julie Irving, Dr Chris Redfern, Emeritus Professor Andy Hall, Professor Nigel Unwin, Professor Martin White, Professor Raj Bhopal CBE, Emeritus Professor Sir George Sir George Alberti, Dr Jolanta Weaver

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Abstract

Similarities between clinical states of glucocorticoid excess and obesity have raised suspicion of a link between the two conditions. An Asn363Ser (N363S) polymorphism in exon 2 of the glucocorticoid receptor has been associated with glucocorticoid sensitivity and excess adiposity in people of European origin. Compared with Europid populations, South Asians have a higher prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, including type 2 diabetes and central obesity. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of the 363S allele in people of South Asian origin living in northeast England in relation to obesity and other cardiovascular risk factors. DNA from 142 males and 153 females was characterized for 363S allele status. Two N363S heterozygotes were identified; both subjects had raised body mass index and central obesity. Despite a higher prevalence of overweight (body mass index ≥ 25 kg/m2) people in the South Asian group compared with the Europid population in the same geographical area (66 vs. 56%, respectively), the 363S allele frequency was significantly lower in the South Asian group (0.3 vs. 3%, respectively). Therefore, the N363S polymorphism is unlikely to be an important factor in obesity and/or dysmetabolic traits in people of South Asian origin living in the United Kingdom.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Syed, A.A., Irving, J.A.E., Redfern, C.P.F., Hall, A.G., Unwin, N.C., White, M., Bhopal, R., Alberti, K., Weaver, J.U.

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism

Year: 2004

Volume: 89

Issue: 1

Pages: 232-235

Print publication date: 01/01/2004

ISSN (print): 0021-972X

ISSN (electronic): 1945-7197

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/jc.2003-030995

DOI: 10.1210/jc.2003-030995

PubMed id: 14715855


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