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Lookup NU author(s): Professor Angharad MR Gatehouse
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1. The effects of three insecticidal transgene proteins on selected life parameters of the ectoparasitoid Eulophus pennicornis were investigated. 2. When incorporated into the diet of the adult wasp, the lectins GNA (snowdrop lectin) and Con A (jackbean lectin) significantly reduced longevity at doses of 0.1% w/v and above. At a dose rate of 0.1% w/v, GNA and Con A reduced mean longevity to approximately 13 and 10 days, respectively, compared with average control lifespans of approximately 20 days. The trypsin inhibitor from cowpeas, CpTI, had no marked effect on longevity. 3. Both lectins reduced reproductive fitness of parasitoids when dosed before exposure to hosts. The 1.0% dose reduced fecundity by over 35% for GNA and 70% for Con A. Although reduced fecundity may have been a function of shorter lifespans, smaller egg loads in female wasps provided evidence to suggest that higher lectin doses may have interfered with egg maturation processes. 4. Both lectins were readily detected in whole body extracts of the parasitoid and were seen to persist within their bodies for at least 24 h after cessation of feeding on lectin-containing diets. 5. The results would indicate that the ingestion of the lectins, either through host feeding or through the consumption of nectar, may pose a hazard to parasitic wasps if present at sufficiently high concentrations.
Author(s): Bell HA, Kirkbride-Smith AE, Marris GC, Edwards JP, Gatehouse AMR
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Agricultural and Forest Entomology
ISSN (print): 1461-9555
ISSN (electronic): 1461-9563
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