Lookup NU author(s): Dr Elizabeth Veal,
Dr Alison Day,
Professor Janet Quinn,
Professor Brian Morgan
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Oxidative stress-induced cell damage is an important component of many diseases and ageing. In eukaryotes, activation of JNK/p38 stress-activated protein kinase (SAPK) signaling pathways is critical for the cellular response to stress. 2-Cys peroxiredoxins (2-Cys Prx) are highly conserved, extremely abundant antioxidant enzymes that catalyze the breakdown of peroxides to protect cells from oxidative stress. Here we reveal that Tpx1, the single 2-Cys Prx in Schizosaccharomyces pombe, is required for the peroxideinduced activation of the p38/JNK homolog, Sty1. Tpx1 activates Sty1, downstream of previously identified redox sensors, by a mechanism that involves formation of a peroxide-induced disulphide complex between Tpx1 and Sty1. We have identified conserved cysteines in Tpx1 and Sty1 that are essential for normal peroxide-induced Tpx1-Sty1 disulphide formation and Tpx1-dependent regulation of peroxide-induced Sty1 activation. Thus we provide new insight into the response of SAPKs to diverse stimuli by revealing a mechanism for SAPK activation specifically by oxidative stress.
Author(s): Veal EA, Findlay VJ, Day AM, Bozonet SM, Evans JM, Quinn J, Morgan BA
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Molecular Cell
ISSN (print): 1097-2765
ISSN (electronic): 1097-4164
Publisher: Cell Press
PubMed id: 15225554
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