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A phase I and pharmacokinetic study of paclitaxel poliglumex (XYOTAX), investigating both 3-weekly and 2-weekly schedules

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Alan Boddy, Professor Ruth Plummer, Julieann Sludden, Melanie Griffin, Dr Mark Verrill, Professor Alan Calvert

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Abstract

Purpose: To determine the safety, maximum tolerated dose, pharmacokinetics, and toxicities associated with administration of paclitaxel poliglumex (PPX, XYOTAX, Cell Therapeutics, Inc., Bresso, Italy) given on either 3-weekly or 2-weekly schedule. Experimental Design: Nineteen patients were investigated on the 3-weekly phase la study and 11 patients on the 2-weekly phase lb study. Dose escalation starting with 100% increments and one patient per dose level was modulated in accordance with the observed toxicities. Conjugated and unconjugated paclitaxel were measured in plasma. Results: Dose-limiting toxicity of neutropenia was encountered at 266 mg/m2 (paclitaxel equivalents) in phase la and the maximum tolerated dose was 233 mg/m2. Neuropathy was dose-limiting in phase lb with a maximum tolerated dose of 177 mg/m 2. Pharmacokinetic investigations indicated a prolonged half-life of >100 hours for conjugated taxanes. Plasma concentrations of unconjugated paclitaxel were similar to those following administration of an equivalent dose of Taxol. Two partial responses were observed, one in a patient with mesothelioma at 177 mg/m2 in phase la and one in a patient with gastric carcinoma at 175 mg/m2 in phase lb. Conclusion: PPX is a water-soluble paclitaxel-polymer conjugate with a prolonged half-life and limited volume of distribution. Dose-limiting toxicities were neutropenia and neuropathy. PPX showed activity in this patient population. © 2005 American Association for Cancer Research.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Boddy AV, Plummer ER, Todd R, Sludden J, Griffin MJ, Robson L, Cassidy J, Bissett D, Bernareggi A, Verrill MW, Calvert AH

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Clinical Cancer Research

Year: 2005

Volume: 11

Issue: 21

Pages: 7834-7840

Print publication date: 01/11/2005

ISSN (print): 1078-0432

ISSN (electronic): 1557-3265

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-05-0803

DOI: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-05-0803

PubMed id: 16278406


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