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LHON/MELAS overlap syndrome associated with a mitochondrial MTND1 gene mutation

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Doug Turnbull, Professor Robert Taylor

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Abstract

Pathogenic point mutations in the mitochondrial MTND1 gene have previously been described in association with two distinct clinical phenotypes - Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) and mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS). Here we report the first heteroplasmic mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) point mutation (3376G > A) in the MTND1 gene associated with an overlap syndrome comprising the clinical features of both LHON and MELAS. Muscle histochemistry revealed subtle mitochondrial abnormalities, while biochemical analysis showed an isolated complex I deficiency. Our findings serve to highlight the growing importance of mutations in mitochondrial complex I structural genes in MELAS and its associated overlap syndromes. © 2005 Nature Publishing Group All rights reserved.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Blakely EL, de Silva R, King A, Schwarzer V, Harrower T, Dawidek G, Turnbull DM, Taylor RW

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: European Journal of Human Genetics

Year: 2005

Volume: 13

Issue: 5

Pages: 623-627

ISSN (print): 1018-4813

ISSN (electronic): 1476-5438

Publisher: Nature Publishing Group

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejhg.5201363

DOI: 10.1038/sj.ejhg.5201363

PubMed id: 15657614


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