Lookup NU author(s): Sachiko Yanagisawa,
Professor Christopher Dennison
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Type 1 (T1) copper sites promote biological electron transfer (ET) and typically possess a weakly coordinated thioether sulfur from an axial Met [Cu(II)-Sδ ∼ 2.6 to 3.3 Å] along with the conserved His2Cys equatorial ligands. A strong axial bond [Cu(II)-O ε1 ∼ 2.2 Å] is sometimes provided by a Gln (as in the stellacyanins), and the axial ligand can be absent (a Val, Leu or Phe in the axial position) as in ceruloplasmin, Fet3p, fungal laccases and some plantacyanins (PLTs). Cucumber basic protein (CBP) is a PLT which has a relatively short Cu(II)-S(Met89) axial bond (2.6 Å). The Met89Gln variant of CBP has an electron self-exchange (ESE) rate constant (kese, a measure of intrinsic ET reactivity) ∼7 times lower than that of the wild-type protein. The Met89Val mutation to CBP results in a 2-fold increase in kese. As the axial interaction decreases from strong O ε1 of Gln to relatively weak Sδ of Met to no ligand (Val), ESE reactivity is therefore enhanced by ∼1 order of magnitude while the reduction potential increases by ∼350 mV. The variable coordination position at this ubiquitous ET site provides a mechanism for tuning the driving force to optimize ET with the correct partner without significantly compromising intrinsic reactivity. The enhanced reactivity of a three-coordinate T1 copper site will facilitate intramolecular ET in fungal laccases and Fet3p. © 2005 American Chemical Society.
Author(s): Yanagisawa S, Dennison C
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Journal of the American Chemical Society
ISSN (print): 0002-7863
ISSN (electronic): 1520-5126
Publisher: American Chemical Society
PubMed id: 16305231
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