Lookup NU author(s): Professor Penny Lovat,
Dr Chris Redfern
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Fenretinide is thought to induce apoptosis via increases in ceramide levels but the mechanisms of ceramide generation and the link between ceramide and subsequent apoptosis in neuroblastoma cells is unclear. In SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells, evidence suggests that acid sphingomyelinase activity is essential for the induction of ceramide and apoptosis in response to fenretinide. Downstream of ceramide, apoptosis in response to fenretinide is mediated by increased glucosylceramide synthase activity resulting in increased levels of gangliosides GD3 and GD2 via GD3 synthase. GD3 is a key signalling intermediate leading to apoptosis via the activation of 12-Lipoxygenase, and the parallel induction of GD2 suggests that fenretinide might enhance the response of neuroblastoma to therapy with anti-GD2 antibodies. © 2005 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Author(s): Lovat, P.E., Corazzari, M., Di Sano, F., Piacentini, M., Redfern, C.P.F.
Publication type: Note
Publication status: Published
Journal: Cancer Letters
Print publication date: 18/10/2005
ISSN (print): 0304-3835
ISSN (electronic): 1872-7980
PubMed id: 15907365