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Hydrogen adsorption on functionalized nanoporous activated carbons

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Xuebo Zhao, Bo Xiao, Dr Ashleigh Fletcher, Emeritus Professor Mark Thomas

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Abstract

There is considerable interest in hydrogen adsorption on carbon nanotubes and porous carbons as a method of storage for transport and related energy applications. This investigation has involved a systematic investigation of the role of functional groups and porous structure characteristics in determining the hydrogen adsorption characteristics of porous carbons. Suites of carbons were prepared with a wide range of nitrogen and oxygen contents and types of functional groups to investigate their effect on hydrogen adsorption. The porous structures of the carbons were characterized by nitrogen (77 K) and carbon dioxide (273 K) adsorption methods. Hydrogen adsorption isotherms were studied at 77 K and pressure up to 100 kPa. All the isotherms were Type I in the IUPAC classification scheme. Hydrogen isobars indicated that the adsorption of hydrogen is very temperature dependent with little or no hydrogen adsorption above 195 K. The isosteric enthalpies of adsorption at zero surface coverage were obtained using a virial equation, while the values at various surface coverages were obtained from the van't Hoff isochore. The values were in the range 3.9-5.2 kJ mol-1 for the carbons studied. The thermodynamics of the adsorption process are discussed in relation to temperature limitations for hydrogen storage applications. The maximum amounts of hydrogen adsorbed correlated with the micropore volume obtained from extrapolation of the Dubinin-Radushkevich equation for carbon dioxide adsorption. Functional groups have a small detrimental effect on hydrogen adsorption, and this is related to decreased adsorbate-adsorbent and increased adsorbate-adsorbate interactions. © 2005 American Chemical Society.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Zhao XB, Xiao B, Fletcher AJ, Thomas KM

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Physical Chemistry B

Year: 2005

Volume: 109

Issue: 18

Pages: 8880-8888

ISSN (print): 1520-6106

ISSN (electronic): 1520-5207

Publisher: American Chemical Society

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp050080z

DOI: 10.1021/jp050080z


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