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Regulation of expression of the chorionic gonadotropin/luteinizing hormone receptor gene in the human myometrium: Involvement of specificity protein-1 (Sp1), Sp3,Sp4, Sp-like proteins, and histone deacetylases

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Robert Phillips, Dr Alison Tyson-Capper, Dr Jarrod Bailey, Professor Stephen Robson, Professor Nick Europe-Finner

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Abstract

At present there is little information on the regulatory processes by which the chorionic gonadotropin (CG)/LH receptor gene is regulated in the human myometrium during pregnancy and labor. Employing human primary myometrial cell cultures in conjunction with DNA affinity purification assays/Western analysis, DNA binding studies, CG/LH promoter luciferase reporter gene deletion constructs in transfection assays, and measurement of endogenous mRNA levels in vivo by duplex RT-PCR, we have determined the role that the major transcriptional regulatory sequences from the +1 ATG codon to -2678 bp play in modulating expression of the CG/LH receptor gene in the myometrium. We report that the distal -180 to -2678 bp region of the promoter, although capable of binding members of the Jun family via the multiple activator protein-1 sites within this region, has no significant role in regulating the expression of the CG/LH receptor gene in myometrial cells. In contrast, the two specificity protein-1 to -4 (Sp1-4) GC boxes within the +1 to -180 bp proximal promoter are central to expression of the gene in the myometrium. However, not only are Sp1/Sp3 proteins involved in this process, but Sp4 and a novel Sp-like factor(s) also have an intimate part in transcriptional regulation of the gene. It would appear that Sp1/Sp3/Sp4 and Sp-like proteins are involved in recruiting histone deacetylase complexes to the proximal promoter, preventing chromatin remodeling resulting in transcriptional repression of the gene. Our data suggest that administration of the histone deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin A to human myometrial cells in vitro and in vivo substantially removes this silencing effect on expression of the gene and may implicate the use of this and similar agents in increasing myometrial CG/LH receptor levels and subsequent maintenance of uterine relaxation during fetal maturation. Copyright © 2005 by The Endocrine Society.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Phillips RJ, Tyson-Capper AJ, Bailey J, Robson SC, Europe-Finner GN

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism

Year: 2005

Volume: 90

Issue: 6

Pages: 3479-3490

ISSN (print): 0021-972X

ISSN (electronic): 1945-7197

Publisher: The Endocrine Society

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/jc.2004-1962

DOI: 10.1210/jc.2004-1962

PubMed id: 15788387


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