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Neuromagnetic correlates of visual motion coherence

Lookup NU author(s): Jane Aspell, Professor Anya Hurlbert

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Abstract

In order to characterize cortical responses to coherent motion we use magnetoencephalography (MEG) to measure human brain activity that is modulated by the degree of global coherence in a visual motion stimulus. Five subjects passively viewed two-phase motion sequences of sparse random dot fields. In the first (incoherent) phase the dots moved in random directions; in the second (coherent) phase a variable percentage of dots moved uniformly in one direction while the others moved randomly. We show that: (i) visual-motion-evoked magnetic fields, measured with a whole-scalp neuromagnetometer, reveal two transient events, within which we identify two significant peaks - the 'ON-M220' peak approximately 220 ms after the onset of incoherent motion and the 'TR-M230' peak, approximately 230 ms after the transition from incoherent to coherent motion; (ii) in lateral occipital channels, the TR-M230 peak amplitude varies with the percentage of motion coherence; (iii) two main sources are active in response to the transition from incoherent to coherent motion, the human medial temporal area complex/V3 accessory area (hMT+/V3A) and the superior temporal sulcus (STS), and (iv) these distinct areas show a similar, significant dependence of response strength and latency on motion coherence. © Federation of European Neuroscience Societies.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Aspell JE, Tanskanen T, Hurlbert AC

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: European Journal of Neuroscience

Year: 2005

Volume: 22

Issue: 11

Pages: 2937-2945

ISSN (print): 0953-816X

ISSN (electronic): 1460-9568

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-9568.2005.04473.x

DOI: 10.1111/j.1460-9568.2005.04473.x

PubMed id: 16324128


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