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Lookup NU author(s): Professor Pat Kendall-Taylor,
Dr David Price
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Objective: In epidemiological studies, hypopituitary adults show increased mortality compared with population controls. Patients with hypopituitarism caused by a craniopharyngioma (CP) and/or its treatment have a higher mortality than patients with other etiologies, such as a nonfunctioning pituitary adenoma (NFPA). To analyze this difference, we used the KIMS database (Pfizer International Metabolic Database) comparing CP and NFPA patients in terms of baseline characteristics and responses to GH replacement. Patients: Baseline characteristics were studied in 351 CP patients (189 men and 162 women; mean age, 42.5 yr) and compared with 370 NFPA patients, matched for age and sex (185 men and 185 women; mean age, 42.5 yr). The effects of 2 yr of GH replacement were analyzed in a subgroup of 183 CP and 209 NFPA patients. Results: At baseline, both CP and NFPA patients had characteristic features of GH deficiency, with low serum IGF-I, increased body fat, dyslipidemia, and reduced quality of life. Male CP patients were significantly more obese (30.0 vs. 28.2 kg/m2; P = 0.0003) compared with NFPA patients, had a higher waist/hip ratio (P = 0.004), higher triglycerides (P = 0.003), and lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (P = 0.03). Similar, but much smaller, differences were seen in female CP compared with NFPA patients, only reaching significance for waist/hip ratio (P = 0.05) and triglycerides (P = 0.0004). CP patients had more often undergone surgery by the transcranial route (68.8% vs. 30.9%; P < 0.0001), and panhypopituitarism was more prevalent in CP than in NFPA patients (58.7% vs. 19.8%; P < 0.0001). The incidence of previous fractures, hypertension, coronary heart disease, claudication, and diabetes mellitus was high, but not different, between CP and NFPA patients. After 2 yr of GH replacement therapy, similar significant improvements were evident in both groups in fat-free mass, total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and Quality-of-Life-Assessment in GH Deficient Adults score compared with baseline. In contrast to NFPA patients, CP patients had no significant decrease in body fat with GH therapy. Conclusions: In the KIMS database, patients with CP have more often undergone surgery by the transcranial route than patients with NFPA, have a higher prevalence of pituitary deficiencies, are more obese (predominantly males), and have more dyslipidemia. This could provide an explanation, at least in part, for the higher mortality rate in CP patients observed in epidemiological studies. CP patients respond equally well to GH therapy in fat-free mass, lipids, and quality of life, but are less likely to lose body fat. We assume that this difference in response merely reflects the stronger tendency of CP patients to accumulate fat over time. Copyright © 2005 by The Endocrine Society.
Author(s): Verhelst J, Kendall-Taylor P, Erfurth EM, Price DA, Geffner M, Koltowska-Haggstrom M, Jonsson PJ, Wilton P, Abs R
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Print publication date: 01/08/2005
ISSN (print): 0021-972X
ISSN (electronic): 1945-7197
Publisher: The Endocrine Society
PubMed id: 15928246
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