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Long-term trends in eutrophication and nutrients in the coastal zone

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Annemarie Clarke, Professor Steve Juggins

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Abstract

We used high-resolution paleoecological records of environmental change to study the rate and magnitude of eutrophication over the last century in two contrasting coastal ecosystems. A multiproxy approach using geochemical and biological indicators and diatom-based transfer functions provides a long-term perspective on changes in nutrient concentrations and the corresponding biological and sedimentary responses. In Roskilde Fjord, Denmark, total nitrogen (TN) increased 85% during the last century, with the most rapid increase occurring after the 1950s, corresponding to the postwar increase in N fertilizer use. In Laajalahti Bay, an urban embayment near Helsinki, Finland, total dissolved nitrogen (TDN) increased with growing wastewater inputs and decreased with the remedial actions taken to reduce these discharges. These changes are small relative to the order of magnitude increases in nutrient loading that have occurred in northwestern Europe, where the dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) load has increased more than threefold in certain areas. © 2006, by the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, Inc.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Clarke A, Weckström K, Conley D, Anderson N, Adser F, Andrén E, De Jonge V, Ellegaard M, Juggins S, Kauppila P, Korhola A, Reuss N, Telford R, Vaalgamaa S

Publication type: Conference Proceedings (inc. Abstract)

Publication status: Published

Conference Name: History and Current Status of Eutrophication in Freshwater and Marine Ecosystems

Year of Conference: 2006

Pages: 385-397

ISSN: 0024-3590

Publisher: Limnology and Oceanography, American Society of Limnology and Oceanography

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.4319/lo.2006.51.1_part_2.0385

DOI: 10.4319/lo.2006.51.1_part_2.0385

Library holdings: Search Newcastle University Library for this item

ISBN: 19395590


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