Lookup NU author(s): Dr Deborah Buck,
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Background: Studies of distance stereoacuity in intermittent exotropia suggest that normal stereoacuity corresponds to good control of the deviation and that reduced or negative stereoacuity signifies poorer control. Aim : To evaluate distance stereoacuity in intermittent exotropia using the Frisby Davis Distance stereo test (FD2). Methods: Children with intermittent exotropia where the near angle was less than or equal to distance were eligible for recruitment. Standardised prospective data collection included FD2 distance stereoacuity. This was a longitudinal study in which outcomes are reported for baseline, last follow-up (≥6 months before any surgery) or preoperative and last postoperative visits for those undergoing surgery. Results: 110 children with intermittent exotropia had FD2 stereoacuity tested at baseline: 70 comprehended the test. Mean (standard deviation (SD)) age was 4.6 (1.7) years (range 2-10 years). 41/70 (59%) showed positive responses: mean (SD) stereoacuity 30 (12) s of arc. The mean follow-up period before any surgery was 13 months (range 6-27 months). At follow-up, mean (SD) stereoacuity was 24 (11) s of arc. Preoperative and postoperative stereoacuity were not significantly different from those not undergoing surgery. Conclusion: This study was the first to report distance stereoacuity in intermittent exotropia using the FD2 stereo test: patients with intermittent exotropia can achieve normal levels of distance stereoacuity, but a considerable proportion, despite comprehending, showed a negative response. This suggests that using the FD2, distance stereoacuity in intermittent exotropia is either absent or normal rather than reduced. Possible reasons for this and its implications are discussed.
Author(s): Hatt SR, Haggerty H, Buck D, Adams W, Strong NP, Clarke MP
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: British Journal of Ophthalmology
ISSN (print): 0007-1161
ISSN (electronic): 1468-2079
Publisher: BMJ Group
PubMed id: 16885187
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