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Modulatory effects of heparin and short-length oligosaccharides of heparin on the metastasis and growth of LMD MDA-MB 231 breast cancer cells in vivo

Lookup NU author(s): Paul Mellor, james Harvey, Dr Debbie Pye, Dr Graeme O'Boyle, Professor Thomas Lennard, Professor John Kirby, Professor Simi Ali

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Abstract

Expression of the chemokine receptor CXCR4 allows breast cancer cells to migrate towards specific metastatic target sites which constitutively express CXCL12. In this study, we determined whether this interaction could be disrupted using short-chain length heparin oligosaccharides. Radioligand competition binding assays were performed using a range of heparin oligosaccharides to compete with polymeric heparin or heparan sulphate binding to I125 CXCL12. Heparin dodecasaccharides were found to be the minimal chain length required to efficiently bind CXCL12 (71% inhibition; P<0.001). These oligosaccharides also significantly inhibited CXCL12-induced migration of CXCR4-expressing LMD MDA-MB 231 breast cancer cells. In addition, heparin dodecasaccharides were found to have less anticoagulant activity than either a smaller quantity of polymeric heparin or a similar amount of the low molecular weight heparin pharmaceutical product, Tinzaparin. When given subcutaneously in a SCID mouse model of human breast cancer, heparin dodecasaccharides had no effect on the number of lung metastases, but did however inhibit (P<0.05) tumour growth (lesion area) compared to control groups. In contrast, polymeric heparin significantly inhibited both the number (P<0.001) and area of metastases, suggesting a differing mechanism for the action of polymeric and heparin-derived oligosaccharides in the inhibition of tumour growth and metastases. © 2007 Cancer Research UK.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Mellor, P., Harvey, J., Murphy, K, Pye, D., O'Boyle, G, Lennard, T.W.J., Kirby, J., Ali, S.

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: British Journal of Cancer

Year: 2007

Volume: 97

Issue: 6

Pages: 761-768

Print publication date: 11/09/2007

ISSN (print): 0007-0920

ISSN (electronic): 1532-1827

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.bjc.6603928

DOI: 10.1038/sj.bjc.6603928

PubMed id: 17726466


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