Lookup NU author(s): Mike Cole,
Dr Michael Reid,
Professor Alan Boddy,
Professor Gareth Veal
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Background. The objective of this study was to determine the minimum volume of blood that should be discarded from a range of different types of central venous catheter (CVC), such that the subsequent blood sample was not diluted or contaminated by the residual intra-luminal fluid. Procedure. Seventy children aged 1-19 years with central venous access inserted as part of their standard clinical treatment were recruited to this prospective study. Statistical comparison of the extent of variation in biochemical and haematological parameters observed between two blood samples taken following routine 5 ml discard blood volumes, as compared to the extent of variation between samples drawn following a 5 ml discard volume and <5 ml volumes, was carried out. Results. Data indicate that the measurement error in a clinical sample obtained following a 3 ml discard volume is no different to the measurement error obtained when using a standard 5 ml discard volume. Comparable results were obtained from patients with various different types of CVC or portacath access. Conclusions. The withdrawal of a 3 ml discard volume is sufficient to ensure that the subsequent blood sample is not diluted or contaminated by residual intra-luminal fluid. This may have a significant clinical impact in paediatric oncology, where patients frequently require blood transfusions due to the haematological toxicities associated with chemotherapy. It is hoped that these results will impact on hospital policies concerning specified discard volumes taken from CVCs prior to the withdrawal of blood samples for research purposes and routine clinical analysis. © 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Author(s): Cole M, Price L, Parry AP, Picton S, Waters F, Marshall S, Goran C, Parnham A, Wastell H, Reid M, Pearson ADJ, Boddy AV, Veal GJ
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Pediatric Blood and Cancer
Print publication date: 15/06/2007
Date deposited: 04/08/2010
ISSN (print): 1545-5009
ISSN (electronic): 1545-5017
PubMed id: 16676305
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