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Enzymic and in sacco methods to estimate rumen degradation of food protein in cattle

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Abdul Chaudhry

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Two factorial studies compared enzymic and in sacco methods to estimate degradation of ruminant foods. Enzyme degradation (in vitro = enzyme) was determined from the release of leucine-equivalent amino acid (LA) crude protein (CP) from sunflower meal (SF), maize gluten meal (MG), distillers' dark grain (DG) and field beans (FB) after their separate incubations with Streptomyces griseus enzyme for 0-24 h. In sacco crude protein (CP) degradation of these foods was estimated during washing (0 h) and rumen incubations in fistulated cows for 2-24h. The LA data were expressed as g LA per either kg of CP (LACP) or acid-hydrolysable LA (HLA) of each food and compared with in sacco data. RESULTS: These methods showed comparable degradation with time (P < 0.01). The in sacco and HLA were greater than LACP for all foods except MG where in sacco value was either lower or equal to LACP depending upon the incubation time (P > 0.05 or P < 0.05). Conversely, HLA was significantly (P < 0.01) greater than LACP from 2 h onwards. At 0 h, in sacco values were significantly greater than those of enzyme for SF, DG and FB (P < 0.05) but not for MG. The foods differed significantly for degradation constants (a, b, c) in each method (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Despite variations between in sacco and enzyme estimates for different foods, the relationships between these estimates suggest that the HLA enzyme method has the potential to estimate food degradation. © 2007 Society of Chemical Industry.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Chaudhry AS

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture

Year: 2007

Volume: 87

Issue: 14

Pages: 2617-2624

ISSN (print): 0022-5142

ISSN (electronic): 1097-0010

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.3021

DOI: 10.1002/jsfa.3021


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