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Hydrogen adsorption and storage on porous materials

Lookup NU author(s): Emeritus Professor Mark Thomas

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Abstract

The development of safe and efficient methods of hydrogen storage is a prerequisite for the use of hydrogen with fuel cells for transport applications. In this paper, results available for adsorption of hydrogen on porous materials, ranging from activated carbons to metal organic framework materials, are discussed. The results indicate that up to ∼5 and ∼7.5 wt% of hydrogen can be stored on porous carbon and metal organic framework materials, respectively, at 77 K. The amounts of hydrogen adsorbed on porous materials at ambient temperatures and high pressures are much lower (≲0.5 wt%). The strong temperature dependence of hydrogen physisorption on porous materials is a limitation in the application of this method for hydrogen storage in addition to storage capacity requirements. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Thomas KM

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Catalysis Today

Year: 2007

Volume: 120

Issue: 3-4

Pages: 389-398

ISSN (print): 0920-5861

ISSN (electronic): 1873-4308

Publisher: Elsevier BV

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cattod.2006.09.015

DOI: 10.1016/j.cattod.2006.09.015


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