Lookup NU author(s): Nicole Gaukrodger,
Dr Peter Avery,
Professor Bernard Keavney
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Plasma potassium is a moderately heritable phenotype, but no robust associations between common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and plasma potassium have previously been described. Genetic influences on renal potassium handling could be important in the etiology of hypertension. We have tested whether common genetic variation in the gene encoding the β-subunit of the epithelial sodium channel (SCNN1B) affects plasma potassium and blood pressure level in a study of 1,425 members of 248 families ascertained on a proband with hypertension. We characterized family members for blood pressure using ambulatory monitoring, measured plasma potassium in venous blood samples, and genotyped four SNPs that spanned the SCNN1B gene. We found highly significant association between genotype at the SCNN1B rs889299 SNP situated in intron 4 of the gene and plasma potassium. Homozygotes for the rarer T allele had on average a 0.15 mM lower plasma potassium than homozygotes for the common C allele, with an intermediate value for heterozygotes (trend, P = 0.0003). Genotype at rs889299 accounted for ∼1% of the total variability in plasma potassium, or around 3% of the total heritable fraction. There was no association between genotype at any SCNN1B SNP and blood pressure considered as a quantitative trait, or with hypertension affection status. We have shown a modest sized but highly significant effect of common genetic variation in the SCNN1B gene on plasma potassium. Interaction between the rs889299 SNP and functional SNPs in other genes influencing aldosterone-responsive distal tubular electrolyte transport may be important in the etiology of essential hypertension. Copyright © 2008 the American Physiological Society.
Author(s): Gaukrodger N, Avery PJ, Keavney B
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Print publication date: 01/03/2008
ISSN (print): 0363-6119
ISSN (electronic): 1522-1490
Publisher: American Physiological Society
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