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Renal allograft rejection: The contribution of chemokines to the adhesion and retention of αE(CD103)β7 integrin-expressing intratubular T cells

Lookup NU author(s): abdul Al-Hamidi, Marcin Pekalski, Dr Helen Robertson, Professor Simi Ali, Professor John Kirby

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Abstract

Recruitment of activated T cells to the tubules is a defining feature of cell-mediated renal allograft rejection. Many of these intratubular T cells express the αE(CD103)β7 integrin, potentially allowing adhesion to epithelial cells which express the only defined counter-receptor, E-cadherin. However, the potential of rejection-associated intratubular chemokines to modulate the adhesive function of this integrin has not been investigated. This study demonstrated that CCL7 is expressed within the tubules during renal allograft rejection. Modelling with CD103-expressing MOLT-16 T cells demonstrated chemotactic responses to the chemokines CXCL10, CXCL12, CCL5 and, most significantly, CCL7 (p < 0.001); these responses were consistent with the expression of CXCR3, CXCR4 and CCR1 by these cells. A solid-phase adhesion assay showed little background binding of MOLT-16 cells to immobilised human E-cadherin.Fc fusion protein but αEβ7 integrin-specific adhesion was greatly increased by the addition of either Mn2+ or 10 nM CCL7 (p < 0.01 or < 0.001, respectively). Treatment of activated human peripheral T cells with TGFβ1 for 3 days induced the expression of CD103 on a mean 53% of these cells; a similar proportion of CD103+ and CD103- T cells within these cultures expressed receptors for the chemokine CCL7. CD103+ T cell fractions were sorted from mitogen- or alloantigen-activated, TGFβ1-treated T cell cultures and also showed specific enhancement of adhesion to E-cadherin.Fc fusion protein following stimulation with Mn2+ or 10 nM CCL7 (p < 0.01 in all cases); CD103- T cells were not adherent under any conditions. Together these data suggest that although the αEβ7 integrin is induced on activated intratubular T cells by the presence of TGFβ, the adhesive function of this integrin is promoted by the presence of chemokines such as CCL7, which are also expressed within tubules during renal allograft rejection. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Al-Hamidi A, Pekalski M, Robertson H, Ali S, Kirby JA

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Molecular Immunology

Year: 2008

Volume: 45

Issue: 15

Pages: 4000-4007

Print publication date: 01/09/2008

ISSN (print): 0161-5890

ISSN (electronic): 1872-9142

Publisher: Pergamon

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molimm.2008.06.011

DOI: 10.1016/j.molimm.2008.06.011


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