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Candesartan and cognitive decline in older patients with hypertension: A substudy of the SCOPE trial

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Brian Saxby, Dr Frances Harrington, Professor Ian McKeith, Professor Gary Ford

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Hypertension is associated with impaired cognitive function but the effect of antihypertensive treatment on cognitive function is unclear. METHODS: We investigated the effect of treatment of hypertension on cognition with the angiotensin-receptor-blocker, candesartan, in a placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized controlled trial at one center participating in the Study on Cognition and Prognosis in the Elderly. A total of 257 older adults with hypertension (mean age 76 years, blood pressure 165 ± 8/88 ± 7 mm Hg) were recruited from general practice and treated with 8-16 mg candesartan or placebo once daily, for a mean follow-up period of 44 months. Additional antihypertensive therapy was permitted in both groups to achieve treatment targets. Cognitive function was measured using the Cognitive Drug Research computerized assessment battery, trail-making tests, and verbal fluency. Data from annual assessments were used to calculate individual coefficients of decline by regressing composite test scores over time for five cognitive domains. RESULTS: The blood pressure difference between groups at study close was 8/3 mm Hg. The candesartan group showed less decline in attention (0.004 vs -0.036, p = 0.04) and episodic memory (0.14 vs -0.22, p = 0.04) compared to placebo, a similar trend for speed of cognition (-2.3 vs -17.4, p = 0.15), but no differences in working memory (0.0014 vs 0.0010, p = 0.90) or executive function (-0.0031 vs -0.0023, p = 0.95). Effect sizes were in the small-to-moderate range. CONCLUSIONS: The potential for blood pressure-lowering with angiotensin-receptor-blockers to reduce the rate of decline of specific areas of cognitive function in older patients with hypertension warrants further investigation to determine clinical efficacy. ©2008AAN Enterprises, Inc.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Saxby BK, Harrington F, Wesnes K, McKeith IG, Ford GA

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Neurology

Year: 2008

Volume: 70

Issue: 19

Pages: 1858-1866

ISSN (print): 0028-3878

ISSN (electronic): 1526-632X

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1212/01.wnl.0000311447.85948.78

DOI: 10.1212/01.wnl.0000311447.85948.78

PubMed id: 18458219


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