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Lookup NU author(s): Dr Barbara Gregson,
Emeritus Professor David Mendelow
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This article reviews trends in the management of subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) at the Regional Neurosurgery Unit in Newcastle over 9 years. This is a comprehensive analysis of prospectively collected data on patients with SAH. We review the changes in clinical therapy and outcome with regards to conservative (non-surgical), surgical and endovascular therapy. Since 1990, the demographic and management/outcome details of patients with SAH have been recorded systematically. This study involves patients admitted over the 9 years, from January 1990 to December 1998. The data were computerized using Microsoft Access (Microsoft Inc. USA), and analysed using SPSS statistical package. A total of 1609 had aneurysmal SAH confirmed with CT, lumbar puncture and/or angiography. Sixty-seven per cent (1073 patients) were female with a female to male ratio of 2:1. This ratio was maintained from 1990 to date. The mean age has slowly increased from 49 years in 1990 to 55 years of age in 1998, (range 18-91). Overall, 53.9% (from 66.3% in 1990 to 35.3% in 1998) were surgically treated, 8.1% had embolization (range 0.6-18.4%) and 38% (range 28.2-46.4%) were managed without surgical intervention for the aneurysm. The proportion of patients undergoing surgery has decreased since 1994 with improvements in endovascular therapy, participation in the ISAT trial and increased admission of poor grade patients (WFNS grades 4 and 5, from 17% in 1990 to 31% in 1998). The mortality rate has doubled over the years under review (18-32%). The percentage of severely disabled patients has remained constant at about 7% with none in a vegetative state. Only 54% had a favourable outcome in 1998 compared with 78% in 1990. Total morbidity and mortality has increased particularly during the last 3 years. This has been associated with double the number of admissions in grade 5. Favourable outcome occurred in 90% of good grade patients (WFNS 1 and 2) with 6.2% mortality in surgical candidates and 5.5% in patients treated endovascularly. The mortality for poor grade (WFNS 4 and 5) patients was 64%.
Author(s): Mendelow AD; Gregson BA; Ogungbo B; Blackburn A
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: British Journal of Neurosurgery
ISSN (print): 0268-8697
ISSN (electronic): 1360-046X
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
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