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A novel reaction between adenosylcobalamin and 2-methyleneglutarate catalyzed by glutamate mutase

Lookup NU author(s): Daniele Ciceri, Professor Bernard Golding

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Abstract

We describe a novel reaction of adenosylcobalamin that occurs when adenosylcobalamin-dependent glutamate mutase is reacted with the substrate analogue 2-methyleneglutarate. Although 2-methyleneglutarate is a substrate for the closely related adenosylcobalamin-dependent enzyme 2-methyleneglutarate mutase, it reacts with glutamate mutase to cause time-dependent inhibition of the enzyme. Binding of 2-methyleneglutarate to glutamate mutase initiates homolysis of adenosylcobalamin. However, instead of the adenosyl radical proceeding to abstract a hydrogen from the substrate, which is the next step in all adenosylcobalamin-dependent enzymes, the adenosyl radical undergoes addition to the exo-methylene group to generate a tertiary radical at C-2 of methyleneglutarate. This radical has been characterized by EPR spectroscopy with regiospecifically C-13-labeled methyleneglutarates. Irreversible inhibition of the enzyme appears to be a complicated process, and the detailed chemical and kinetic mechanism remains to be elucidated. The kinetics of this process suggest that cob(II)alamin may reduce MCI the enzyme-bound organic radical so that stable adducts between the adenosyl moiety of the coenzyme and 2-methyleneglutarate are formed.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Huhta MS, Ciceri D, Golding BT, Marsh ENG

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Biochemistry

Year: 2002

Volume: 41

Issue: 9

Pages: 3200-3206

ISSN (print): 0006-2960

ISSN (electronic): 1520-4995

Publisher: American Chemical Society

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/bi011965d

DOI: 10.1021/bi011965d


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