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What can the social sciences contribute to the study of ethics? Theoretical, empirical and substantive considerations

Lookup NU author(s): Emerita Professor Erica Haimes

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Abstract

This article seeks to establish that the social sciences have an important contribution to make to the study of ethics. The discussion is framed around three questions: (i) what theoretical work can the social sciences contribute to the understanding of ethics? (ii) what empirical work can the social sciences contribute to the understanding of ethics? And (iii) how does this theoretical and empirical work combine, to enhance the understanding of how ethics, as a field of analysis and debate, is socially constituted and situated? Through these questions the argument goes beyond the now commonly cited objection to the over-simplistic division between normative and descriptive ethics (that assigns the social sciences the 'handmaiden' role of simply providing the facts). In extending this argument, this article seeks to establish, more firmly and in more detail, that: (a) the social sciences have a long-standing theoretical interest analysing the role that a concern with ethics plays in explanations of social change, social organisation and social action; (b) the explanations that are based on the empirical investigations conducted by social scientists exemplify the interplay of epistemological and methodological analyses so that our understanding of particular substantive issues is extended beyond the conventional questions raised by ethicists, and (c) through this combination of theoretical and empirical work, social scientists go beyond the specific ethical questions of particular practices to enquire further into the social processes that lie behind the very designation of certain matters as being 'ethical issues'.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Haimes E

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Bioethics

Year: 2002

Volume: 16

Issue: 2

Pages: 89-113

ISSN (print): 0269-9702

ISSN (electronic): 1467-8519

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-8519.00273

DOI: 10.1111/1467-8519.00273


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