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Lookup NU author(s): Dr Zoltan Pragai,
Professor Colin Harwood
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When Bacillus subtilis is subjected to phosphate starvation, the Pho and sigma(B)-dependent general stress regulons are activated to elicit, respectively, specific and non-specific responses to this nutrient-limitation stress. A set of isogenic mutants, with a beta-galactosidase reporter gene transcriptionally fused to the inactivated target gene, was used to identify genes of unknown function that are induced or repressed under phosphate limitation. Nine phosphatestarvation-induced (psi) genes were identified: yhaX, yhbH, ykoL and yttP were regulated by the PhoP-PhoR two-component system responsible for controlling the expression of genes in the Pho regulon, while ywmG (renamed csbD), yheK, ykzA, ysnF and yvgO were dependent on the alternative sigma factor a B, which controls the expression of the general stress genes. Genes yhaX and yhbH are unique members of the Pho regulon, since they are phosphate-starvation induced via PhoP-PhoR from a sporulation-specific sigma(E) promoter or a promoter that requires the product of a sigma(E)-dependent gene. Null mutations in key regulatory genes phoR and sigB showed that the Pho and sigma(B)-dependent general stress regulons of Bacillus subtilis interact to modulate the levels at which each are activated.
Author(s): Pragai Z; Harwood CR
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
ISSN (print): 1350-0872
ISSN (electronic): 1465-2080
Publisher: Society for General Microbiology