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Photochemical production of methane in natural waters: implications for its present and past oceanic source

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Hermann Bange, Dr Guenther Uher

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Abstract

We conducted irradiation experiments with riverine, estuarine, and marine water samples to investigate the possibility of photochemical methane (CH4) formation. CH4 photoproduction was undetectable under oxic conditions or in the absence of methyl radical precursors indicating that its photochemical formation is negligible in the present ocean. Significant photochemical CH4 production was observed in the presence of a methyl radical precursor such as acetone under strictly anoxic conditions. Our results indicate an indirect formation mechanism with coloured dissolved organic matter acting as photosensitizer. We suggest that photochemical CH4 formation might have occurred in the anoxic ocean surface layer of the Archean prior to the onset of O-2 accumulation in the atmosphere at around 2300 million years ago. Oceanic CH4 photoproduction via methyl radical (CH3) precursors and its subsequent release to the atmosphere may have contributed to high CH4 mixing ratios in the Archean atmosphere. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Bange HW, Uher G

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Chemosphere

Year: 2005

Volume: 58

Issue: 2

Pages: 177-183

ISSN (print): 0045-6535

ISSN (electronic): 1879-1298

Publisher: Pergamon

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.06.022

DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.06.022


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