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Sentinel node biopsy to evaluate the metastatic dissemination of oesophageal adenocarcinoma

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Peter Lamb, Professor Michael Griffin, Professor Alastair Burt, Dr James Lloyd, Dr Daya Karat, Nick Hayes

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Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility and accuracy of sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy for oesophageal adenocarcinoma. Methods: Fifty-seven patients with adenocarcinoma of the lower oesophagus (n = 40) or gastric cardia (n = 17) underwent endoscopic peritumoral injection of Tc-99m-radiolabelled nanocolloid before en bloc resection with extended lymphadenectomy. SLNs were identified during surgery using a handheld gamma probe and the pattern of radioactive uptake was quantified after operation. All 1667 resected lymph nodes were examined immunohistochemically for micrometastases. Results: SLNs were identified in all 57 patients. They contained metastases (n = 32) or micrometastases (n = 3) in 35 of 37 node-positive patients and there were two false-negative studies. The overall accuracy of SLN biopsy was 96 per cent and SLNs were more likely to contain tumour than other lymph nodes (P < 0.001). Tumour-infiltrated nodal stations had a higher proportion of radioactive uptake (P < 0.001). Lower oesophageal tumours had a greater proportion of SLNs (P = 0.018), radioactive uptake (P < 0.001) and malignant nodes (P = 0.004) in the mediastinum than gastric cardia tumours. Conclusion: The sentinel node concept is applicable to oesophageal adenocarcinoma and could be used to tailor the extent of lymphadenectomy. There is a close relationship between patterns of radioactive uptake and lymphatic tumour dissemination, which differ for lower oesophageal and gastric cardia tumours.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Lamb PJ, Griffin SM, Burt AD, Lloyd J, Karat D, Hayes N

Publication type: Conference Proceedings (inc. Abstract)

Publication status: Published

Conference Name: Annual Meeting of the Association of Surgeons of Great Britain and Ireland

Year of Conference: 2005

Pages: 60-67

ISSN: 0007-1323

Publisher: British Journal of Surgery, Wiley-Blackwell

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bjs.4693

DOI: 10.1002/bjs.4693

Library holdings: Search Newcastle University Library for this item

ISBN: 13652168


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