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Decision analysis and guidelines for anticoagulant therapy to prevent stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Richard Thomson, Professor Martin Eccles

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Abstract

Background Clinical guidelines are needed on whether or not to use anticoagulant therapy to prevent stroke in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation. We did a Markov decision analysis to model decision-making with regard to warfarin treatment in patients with atrial fibrillation, and used the model to develop evaluative guidelines. Methods The decision analysis involved a systematic literature review supplemented by patients' estimates of the quality of life associated with different states of health, secondary analysis of stroke-registry data, and estimation of service costs; it also incorporated a sensitivity analysis. The derived guidelines were subsequently applied to a cohort of patients with atrial fibrillation, Findings We constructed decision tables for 12 age and sex groups. For most risk combinations, warfarin treatment would have decreased healthcare costs and increased quality-of-life years, although the clinical decision was sensitive to patients' preferences and to the estimate of warfarin's effectiveness. 97% of women with atrial fibrillation older than 75 years, and 69% aged 65-74 would have been recommended for treatment; for men, the corresponding figures would have been 75% and 53%, With the upper quartile for the loss of quality of life associated with being on warfarin treatment (1.00), all but two of the 116 patients without contraindications would have been treated, whereas with the lower quartile (0.92), only 27 of 116 would have been treated. Interpretation Decision analysis is useful in the incorporation of complex probabilistic data into informed decision-making, the identification of factors influencing such decisions, and the subsequent development of evaluative guidelines.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Thomson R, Parkin D, Eccles M, Sudlow M, Robinson A

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Lancet

Year: 2000

Volume: 355

Issue: 9208

Pages: 956-962

ISSN (print): 0140-6736

ISSN (electronic): 1474-547X

Publisher: Lancet Publishing Group

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(00)90012-6

DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(00)90012-6


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