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Polymorphisms in CYP2D6 duplication-negative individuals with the ultrarapid metabolizer phenotype: a role for the CYP2D6*35 allele in ultrarapid metabolism?

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Ann Daly

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Abstract

Ultrarapid drug metabolism mediated by CYP2D6 is associated with inheritance of alleles with duplicated or amplified functional CYP2D6 genes. However, genotyping for duplicated CYP2D6 alleles only explains a fraction (10-30%) of the ultrarapid metabolizer phenotypes observed in Caucasian populations. Using a sample of CYP2D6 duplication-negative ultrarapid metabolizer subjects and selected control subjects with extensive metabolism, we examined parts of the CYP2D7 pseudogene, and the promoter region and 5'-coding sequence of CYP2D6 for polymorphisms possibly associated with the ultrarapid metabolizer phenotype. In an initial screening of 17 subjects (13 ultrarapid metabolizers and four extensive metabolizers), we identified three DNA variants in the 5'-end of the CYP2D7 pseudogene and 29 variants in the 5'-end of the CYP2D6 gene. Five variants were then selected for examination in a larger sample of subjects having the ultrarapid metabolizer (n = 27) or extensive metabolizer phenotype (n = 77). Subsequent statistical analyses of allele, genotype and estimated haplotype distributions showed that the 31A allele of the 31G > A (Val(11)Met) polymorphism was significantly more frequent in ultrarapid metabolizer subjects than in extensive metabolizer subjects (P = 0.04). Also, estimation of haplotype frequencies suggested that one of the haplotypes with the 31A variant was significantly more frequent among the ultrarapid metabolizers compared with the extensive metabolizers (P = 0.03). The average metabolic ratio was significantly lower in subjects possessing the 31A allele compared with subjects homozygous for the 31G allele (P = 0.02). We also observed a nonsignificant over-representation of the G-allele of a -1584 C > G promoter polymorphism in the ultrarapid metabolizer group. Since our results are based on a relatively low number of subjects, further studies on larger samples and functional analyses of the polymorphisms detected are necessary to determine the role of the 31G > A and -1584C > G variants in CYP2D6 duplication-negative ultrarapid metabolizer subjects. Pharmacogenetics 11:45-55 (C) 2001 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Løvlie R, Daly AK, Matre GE, Molven A, Steen VM

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Pharmacogenetics

Year: 2001

Volume: 11

Issue: 1

Pages: 45-55

ISSN (print): 0960-314X

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00008571-200102000-00006

DOI: 10.1097/00008571-200102000-00006

PubMed id: 11207030


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