Lookup NU author(s): Dr Mark Banfield,
Dr David Scott,
Professor Brendan Kenny
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Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli virulence is dependent on delivery of the translocated intimin receptor protein (Tir) into host cells. Tir phosphorylation on a single tyrosine (Tyr-474) is essential in mediating cytoskeletal rearrangement correlated with disease. Tir is also phosphorylated on other residues, with cAMP-dependent kinase (PKA) modification shown to play a role in Tir function. However, the mechanism by which nontyrosine phosphorylation affects Tir function remains unclear. In this study, analytical ultracentrifugation, SDS and native gel electrophoresis revealed that both Tir and its C-terminal domain (residues 385–550 of Tir that include the PKA substrate sites) exist in an equilibrium of monomers, dimers, and in the case of Tir, higher oligomers. PKA phosphorylation (1:300, PKA/C-Tir, mol/mol) shifted the equilibrium of C-Tir, but not Tir, predominantly to the dimeric state, whereas, at 100-fold higher concentrations of PKA the phosphorylated C-Tir was largely monomeric. This monomeric state was also produced at the lower PKA concentration and physiological ionic strength. Phosphorylation-mediated effects were achieved without significant changes in secondary structure as determined by circular dichroism spectroscopy. The data presented indicate that PKA-mediated phosphorylation induces changes in the association properties of the C-terminal domain of Tir that may facilitate Tir-Tir interactions and subsequently C-Tir-host protein interactions in vivo.
Author(s): Hawrani AS, Dempsey CE, Banfield MJ, Scott DJ, Clarke AR, Kenny B
Publication type: Article
Journal: Journal of Biological Chemistry
ISSN (print): 0021-9258
ISSN (electronic): 1083-351X
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
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