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Growth inhibition by tyrosine kinase inhibitors in mesothelioma cell lines

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Joyce Nutt, Kieran O'Toole, Professor John Lunec

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Abstract

Clinical outcome following chemotherapy for malignant pleural mesothelioma is poor and improvements are needed. This preclinical study investigates the effect of five tyrosine kinase inhibitors (PTK787, ZD6474, ZD1839, SU6668 and SU11248) on the growth of three mesothelioma cell lines (NCI H226, NCI H28 and MSTO 211H), the presence of growth factor receptors and inhibition of their downstream signalling pathways. GI50 values were determined: ZD6474 and SU11248, mainly VEGFR2 inhibitors, gave the lowest GI50 across all cell lines (3.5–6.9 μM) whereas ZD1839 gave a GI50 in this range only in H28 cells. All cell lines were positive for EGFR, but only H226 cells were positive for VEGFR2 by Western blotting. ZD6474 and ZD1839 inhibited EGF-induced phosphorylation of EGFR, AKT and ERK, whereas VEGF-induced phosphorylation of VEGFR2 was completely inhibited with 0.1 μM SU11248. VEGFR2 was detected in tumour samples by immunohistochemistry. VEGFR2 tyrosine kinase inhibitors warrant further investigation in mesothelioma.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Nutt JE, O'Toole KT, Gonzalez D, Lunec J

Publication type: Article

Journal: European Journal of Cancer

Year: 2009

Volume: 45

Issue: 9

Pages: 1684-1691

ISSN (print): 0959-8049

ISSN (electronic): 1879-0852

Publisher: Pergamon

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2009.02.022

DOI: 10.1016/j.ejca.2009.02.022


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