Lookup NU author(s): Dr Rebecca Taylor,
Dr Gary Caldwell,
Emeritus Professor Peter Olive,
Professor Matt Bentley
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Numerous species of diatoms liberate oxylipins including polyunsaturated aldehydes (PUAs) in response to cellular damage such as may occur during grazing. PUAs are cyto- and genotoxic and negatively disrupt reproductive processes in copepods, their principal grazers, although experimental evidence would suggest that the grazer response may be species specific. The reproduction of the benthic harpacticoid copepod Tisbe holothuriae was compared over two generations. Copepods were reared using four diet treatments: PUA-producing diatom strains Skeletonema marinoi (Adriatic Sea Isolate FE6) and Melosira nummuloides (CCAP 1048/6); and non-PUA-producing diatom strains Phaeodactylum tricornutum (CCAP 1052/A) and Skeletonema marinoi (Seasalter (Walney) Ltd). Life tables were generated for each treatment using measured reproductive parameters and the net reproductive rate (R0) calculated. No significant differences were observed between the individual reproductive parameters of T. holothuriae fed PUA-producing diatoms compared to those fed non-PUA producing diatoms although diets of P. tricornutum resulted in some decreases in individual reproductive parameters in the second generation. There were no significant differences in the R0 values between the four tested diets. These observations indicate that T. holothuriae exhibits a tolerant of known PUA-producing diatom diets that has not been similarly demonstrated in pelagic calanoid copepods. Harpacticoid copepods may have a greater capacity to detoxify diatom oxylipins than their planktonic calanoid counterparts.
Author(s): Taylor RL, Caldwell GS, Olive PJW, Bentley MG
Publication type: Article
Journal: Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
Print publication date: 10/02/2012
ISSN (print): 0022-0981
Publisher: Elsevier BV
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