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Synthetic magnetohydrodynamics in Bose-Einstein condensates and routes to vortex nucleation

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Nicholas Parker

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Abstract

Engineering of synthetic magnetic flux in Bose-Einstein condensates [ Lin et al. Nature (London) 462 628 (2009)] has prospects for attaining the high vortex densities necessary to emulate the fractional quantum Hall effect. We analytically establish the hydrodynamical behavior of a condensate in a uniform synthetic magnetic field, including its density and velocity profile. Importantly, we find that the onset of vortex nucleation observed experimentally corresponds to a dynamical instability in the hydrodynamical solutions and reveal other routes to instability and anticipated vortex nucleation.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Taylor LB, van Bijnen RMW, O'Dell DHJ, Parker NG, Kokkelmans SJJMF, Martin AM

Publication type: Article

Journal: Physical Review A

Year: 2011

Volume: 84

Issue: 2

Print publication date: 18/08/2011

ISSN (print): 0556-2791

Publisher: American Physical Society

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.84.021604

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.84.021604


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