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Modeling composite high temperature behaviour and fire response under load

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Geoff Gibson, Naoise Browne, Professor Adrian Mouritz

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Abstract

This paper discusses the characterization and modeling of thermoplastic and thermosetting matrix composites under load in fire. Small-scale tests were found to provide a cost-effective means of characterizing load-bearing behavior of composites in fire and a useful framework for materials development. This paper demonstrates the modeling of thermal and decomposition behavior during the test and the extension of this modeling to include mechanical response and failure behavior. The work necessitated measurement of strength and stiffness over a wide temperature range, with interesting results up to the point of resin decomposition. The approach was applied to three 12 mm thick glass reinforced systems: vinyl ester, polyester, and polypropylene. The laminates were subjected to a one-sided 50 kW·m−2 heat flux, using a propane burner. Thermal behavior was modeled using a simplified version of the Henderson equation to predict the evolution of temperature and residual resin content through the thickness. These parameters were then used, along with a material model, to predict the mechanical response in fire.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Gibson AG, Browne TNA, Feih S, Mouritz AP

Publication type: Article

Journal: Journal of Composite Materials

Year: 2012

Volume: 46

Issue: 16

Pages: 2005-2022

Print publication date: 17/01/2012

ISSN (print): 0021-9983

ISSN (electronic): 1530-793X

Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd.

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0021998311429383

DOI: 10.1177/0021998311429383


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