Lookup NU author(s): Dr Simon Ramsbottom
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This protocol describes a method to visualise ligands distributed across a field of cells. The ease of expressing exogenous proteins, together with the large size of their cells in early embryos, make Xenopus laevis a useful model for visualising GFP-tagged ligands. Synthetic mRNAs are efficiently translated after injection into early stage Xenopus embryos, and injections can be targeted to a single cell. When combined with a lineage tracer such as membrane tethered RFP, the injected cell (and its descendants) that are producing the overexpressed protein can easily be followed. This protocol describes a method for the production of fluorescently tagged Wnt and Shh ligands from injected mRNA. The methods involve the micro dissection of ectodermal explants (animal caps) and the analysis of ligand diffusion in multiple samples. By using confocal imaging, information about ligand secretion and diffusion over a field of cells can be obtained. Statistical analyses of confocal images provide quantitative data on the shape of ligand gradients. These methods may be useful to researchers who want to test the effects of factors that may regulate the shape of morphogen gradients.
Author(s): Fellgett SW, Ramsbottom SA, Maguire RJ, Cross S, O'Toole P, Pownall ME
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Journal of Visualized Experiments
Online publication date: 14/12/2015
Acceptance date: 01/01/1900
ISSN (electronic): 1940-087X
Publisher: Journal of Visualized Experiments
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