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The fate and lifespan of human monocyte subsets in steady state and systemic inflammation

Lookup NU author(s): Amit Patel, Dr Venetia Bigley

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


Abstract

In humans, the monocyte pool comprises three subsets (classical, intermediate, and nonclassical) that circulate in dynamic equilibrium. The kinetics underlying their generation, differentiation, and disappearance are critical to understanding both steady-state homeostasis and inflammatory responses. Here, using human in vivo deuterium labeling, we demonstrate that classical monocytes emerge first from marrow, after a postmitotic interval of 1.6 d, and circulate for a day. Subsequent labeling of intermediate and nonclassical monocytes is consistent with a model of sequential transition. Intermediate and nonclassical monocytes have longer circulating lifespans (∼4 and ∼7 d, respectively). In a human experimental endotoxemia model, a transient but profound monocytopenia was observed; restoration of circulating monocytes was achieved by the early release of classical monocytes from bone marrow. The sequence of repopulation recapitulated the order of maturation in healthy homeostasis. This developmental relationship between monocyte subsets was verified by fate mapping grafted human classical monocytes into humanized mice, which were able to differentiate sequentially into intermediate and nonclassical cells.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Patel AA, Zhang Y, Fullerton JN, Boelen L, Rongvaux A, Maini AA, Bigley V, Flavell RA, Gilroy DW, Asquith B, Macallan D, Yona S

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Experimental Medicine

Year: 2017

Pages: Epub ahead of print

Online publication date: 12/06/2017

Acceptance date: 28/04/2017

ISSN (print): 0022-1007

ISSN (electronic): 1540-9538

Publisher: Rockefeller University Press

URL: https://doi.org/10.1084/jem.20170355

DOI: 10.1084/jem.20170355

PubMed id: 28606987


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