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Outcomes of lung transplantation in adults with bronchiectasis

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Jodie Birch, Dr Katy Hester, Dr Gareth Parry, Professor Kate Gould, Professor John Dark, Stephen Clark, Dr Gerard Meachery, Dr James Lordan, Professor Andrew Fisher, Professor Paul Corris, Professor Anthony De Soyza

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


Abstract

© 2018 The Author(s). Background: Lung transplantation is a well-established treatment for end-stage non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (BR), though information regarding outcomes of transplantation remains limited. Our results of lung transplantation for Br are reported here. Methods: A retrospective review of case notes and transplantation databases was conducted for patients that had underwent lung transplantation for bronchiectasis at the Freeman Hospital between 1990 and 2013. Results: Fourty two BR patients underwent lung transplantation, the majority (39) having bilateral sequential lung transplantation. Mean age at transplantation was 47.1 years. Pre-transplantation osteoporosis was a significant non-pulmonary morbidity (48%). Polymicrobial infection was common, with Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection frequently but not universally observed (67%). Forced expiratory volume in 1 second (% predicted) improved from a pre-transplantation mean of 0.71 L (22% predicted) to 2.56 L (79 % predicted) at 1-year post-transplantation. Our survival results were 74% at 1 year, 64% at 3 years, 61% at 5 years and 48% at 10 years. Sepsis was a common cause of early post-transplantation deaths. Conclusions: Lung transplantation for end-stage BR is a useful therapeutic option, with good survival and lung function outcomes. Survival values were similar to other bilateral lung transplants at our centre. Pre-transplantation Pseudomonas infection is common.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Birch J, Sunny SS, Hester KLM, Parry G, Kate Gould F, Dark JH, Clark SC, Meachery G, Lordan J, Fisher AJ, Corris PA, De Soyza A

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: BMC Pulmonary Medicine

Year: 2018

Volume: 18

Online publication date: 22/05/2018

Acceptance date: 25/04/2018

ISSN (electronic): 1471-2466

Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd

URL: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12890-018-0634-4

DOI: 10.1186/s12890-018-0634-4


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